First built in 1865 A.D., Guyuan Great Mosque ocuppied an area of 1,000 sq.km². It was orginally named Beiliang Mosque, later renamed as Guyuan Great Mosque because the neighborhood was immigrants from Guyuan, Ningxia. The predecessor of the mosque was located in Nanmen (South Gate) area in Tianshan District, which was relocated to the place where it is today. The mosque undergone a major renovation in 1998.
Guyuan Great Mosque adopts an Islam structure style, with some parts showcasing the inspiration from oriental architecture. The main structure is of Islam style, while the shower rooms and other supporting facilities are adorned with overhanging eaves and emerald glazed tiles. At distance, the highlight of the mosque complex are the four six-barrel pagodas, following the example of traditional Chinese structures.