Xi'an Great Mosque, as the largest and best-preserved mosque in Xi'an, is one of the principal mosques in China. It is located in the northwest of the famous Drum Tower on Huajue Lane. This mosque occupies an area of 12,000 square meters with an construction area of 6,000 square meters.
Xi'an Great Mosque has a long history dated back to the year of 742 of Tang Dynasty. After several times of renovations and expansions, Xi'an Great Mosque has been a large-scaled mosque.
The whole complex of the mosque is built into a rectangular shape running the east-west trend. The mosque can be divided into four courtyards with lush trees, geometrically arranged flower nurseries, carved stone and gateways inside.
Stepping into the first courtyard a large ancient wooden gateway is found standing there. With flying eaves, layered vaults, glazed tiles covered in the roof, this gateway is quite a spectacular to enjoy. In the north and south sides of the courtyard, each have three wing-rooms where displaying antique furniture of Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Five buildings after the first courtyard, there locate the second courtyard. In the center of the second courtyard, there stands a stone gateway which has two steles on both sides and script embedded by famous calligraphers from ancient China.
In the third yard of the mosque, there are many steles from ancient times standing there. And the famous Shengxin Tower just situates there which is the place where Muslims come to do prayers. After the third courtyard, is the forth courtyard, which contains the Prayer Hall of the mosque. The Prayer Hall is quite splendid with colored designs and decorations. The hall is capable to hold a capacity of 1,000 people at a time for attending prayer services.